Cranberry- Also known as Oxycoccos Palustris
Cranberry is a relatively small, red berry that grows on low-hanging vines in temperate zones in many regions of the United States and other parts of the world. Cranberry is a member of the same family of plants as bilberry and blueberry. Cranberry can be taken as a juice, the whole berry, or from an extract. For maximum health benefit, cranberry juice should be unsweetened. The active ingredients in cranberry include chemical compounds called proanthocyanidins. Proanthocyanidins are potent antioxidants that appear to be able to decrease bacterial adherence to the bladder epithelium cells. The main benefit of this action is that bacteria have less likelihood of grouping together to cause bladder infection, urinary tract infections and other related conditions.
Studies suggest that cranberries have the ability to help with these conditions:
· Urinary Tract Infections – Many people take cranberry supplements to prevent urinary tract infections caused by bacteria. Specifically, the proanthocyanidins found in cranberry appear to block the adhesive strands on the E. coli bacteria from sticking to a surface whereby inhibiting their ability to stick to the cell walls of the uterus and bladder.
·Reduction of Dental Plaque – It is believed that cranberry juice can inhibit the aggregation of bacteria that cause dental plaque.
· Anti-Cancer Activity – Based on evaluation of several vitro-screening tests, it has been suggested that the proanthocyanidin compounds found in cranberry may exhibit some anti-carcinogenic activity.
· Heart Disease – Cranberry extract has been shown to inhibit low-density lipoprotein oxidation. Since this process is believed to be part of what can cause heart disease, prevention of oxidation through cranberry supplementation can potentially reduce the risk of heart disease.
· Kidney stones – Some medical professionals and specialists believe that quinic acid abundant in cranberry may help to prevent the development of kidney stones.
Persian Cranberry is much darker and fleshier than American cranberry. Has been used for blood diseases , skin conditions and kidney issues for centuries.